Smart Sustainable Cities of the Future: The Untapped Potential of Big Data Analytics and Context-Aware Computing for Advancing Sustainability. There are far too many things going on in computing in all imaginable fields of knowledge. In an effort to answer the first question, computability theory examines which computational problems are solvable on various theoretical models of computation. Then, we have learnt that the ‘body’ of science decomposes not only to branches, but also to disciplines. Now, @Imre Horvath and @Clifford Miller turn the discussion to the general term "science". Theoretical Computer Science is mathematical and abstract in spirit, but it derives its motivation from the practical and everyday computation. Its fields can be divided into theoretical and practical disciplines. The lab is the forerunner of IBM's Research Division, which today operates research facilities around the world. Computer science is not a natural science or basic science like physics, chemistry and biology. “Physicists are generally concerned with learning how the universe operates. They should be named and affiliated under the Engineering faculty.. Sreenidhi Institute of Science & Technology, Computer Science is not a Natural science but an applied Science with specified applications, @Prof.Kishan That is simply incorrect. The same holds for engineering (machinery, so to speak). Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques for their application. The natural sciences are those branches of science that seek to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world through scientific methods. “Engineers are generally concerned with designing and/or making things that work. Very interesting questions, thanks to Clifford Miller! Yes, of course! One of the participant in the 'de facto' standard representation ( paradigm ) we name information. Machines for calculating fixed numerical tasks such as the abacus have existed since antiquity, aiding in computations such as multiplication and division. Learning Functional Programming in Go: Change the way you approach your applications using functional programming in Go. , Computer Science, known by its near synonyms, Computing, Computer Studies, Information Technology (IT) and Information and Computing Technology (ICT), has been taught in UK schools since the days of batch processing, mark sensitive cards and paper tape but usually to a select few students. We thus encounter the same issue (modeling a noisy system). Although first proposed in 1956, the term "computer science" appears in a 1959 article in Communications of the ACM,  In 1673, Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated a digital mechanical calculator, called the Stepped Reckoner. Computer science is not a natural science for the same reasons math is not a natural science (it is about abstract entities rather than natural entities), but, like other people stressed out, computer science is not exclusively about math either. However, if you decide to go to medical school, what do they want: bio 101. I believe an epistimelogical landscape could describe computer science as a subset of systems sciences. The purchaser of parts, the assembler of components, the construction worker all need road maps that ultimately results in the ‘thing’ getting made. I did in the past came across with many papers that contrasted, e.g. The endeavour of bringing humans to the moon was of course the biggest project of its time. I just use the computer to test them (and can be applied to solve problems using them afterwards) but it is all proofs beyond this, which is how CS is traditionally done. I don't see how you could possibly say it's not a branch of maths. @Andi Bowe the soul of a poet - but put salt on it's tail - nail down the epistemology of CS. University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. Thank you very much for your invaluable & fruitful comments.  As a discipline, computer science spans a range of topics from theoretical studies of algorithms, computation and information to the practical issues of implementing computing systems in hardware and software. Nevertheless, it is beyond contest that CS is a science. Unlike in most other academic fields, in computer science, the prestige of conference papers is greater than that of journal publications. It has become important to many that their field of study is termed "science", and “We have many valuable fields of systematic methodical study which yield useful knowledge which can be applied in the real world.” My argumentation is as follows: I see science not only as a manifestation of a historically evolving societal phenomenon, but also as a societal architecture (establishment). My answer - Natural Science. Do you mean, everybody who builds a mechanical tool, for example, must be a designer or engineer? I am not sure where is the line that separates science from applied science or engineering and from mathematics. Wiley. Computation is what is at the heart of computer science. The study of the measurement, properties, and relationships of quantities and sets, using numbers and symbols. For the American corporation, see, Study of the foundations and applications of computation. Computer science isn't purely math either (sofware engineering, human/machine interfaces, security and many other subfields are applied math, at best). (N. Bernard, Research evaluation for computer science, Informatics Europe. Computer science is a part of it and works in logical inventions, which work on computing solutions for defined approaches. problem, one of the Millennium Prize Problems, is an open problem in the theory of computation. The essence of this change is the emergence of what might best be called procedural epistemology — the study of the structure of knowledge from an imperative point of view, as opposed to the more declarative point of view taken by classical mathematical subjects. A Very Honest Take on Being In A Relationship With An Engineer. I have colleagues who work for example in the theory of computing around genomic sequences and how natural computing occurs, or how the brain processes certain things. Modern computers enable optimization of such designs as complete aircraft. Your email address will not be published. 2) Computer science is mainly a pure science (not natural). Computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes. Civil Engineers vs Electronics Engineers: Who Is Better At Math? However, in response to the first conclusion, I would like to say the following: I feel that 'computing science' focusses too much on computational problems. physics and mathematics to construct practical applications for practical use. IBM (short for International Business Machines) released the IBM 704 and later the IBM 709 computers, which were widely used during the exploration period of such devices.
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