In the total synthesis of minfiensine, a copper-mediated one-pot Buchwald–Hartwig cross-coupling/intramolecular amidofuran [4 + 2]-cycloaddition was utilized (16JOC10193). For example: The trisubstituted enolate is considered the kinetic enolate, while the tetrasubstituted enolate is considered the thermodynamic enolate. Evans and coworkers have reported diastereoselective aldol reactions of chiral N-acyloxazolidinones 64 catalyzed by MgCl 2.  The ketoacid moiety is decarboxylated in situ. and can produce the "Evans syn" or "non-Evans syn" adducts by simply varying the amount of (−)-sparteine. Diphenylbutane-1,4-diamine is prepared from 2,3-diphenylsuccinonitrile via the corresponding bis-acetamide. This requires appropriate diastereocontrol in the Mukaiyama aldol addition and the product silyloxycarbenium ion to preferentially cyclize, rather than undergo further aldol reaction. A variety of novel ligands have been generated by Vilsmeier formylation of Hantzsch pyridines. of. ; Shaw J.T. The synthesis of (+)-discodermolide was achieved from 34′, which was prepared from (S)-(+)-methyl 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropionate 1 (Scheme 10). This usually involves borohydride mediated reduction of the acid moiety, followed by condensation/cyclisation of the resulting amino alcohol with a simple carbonate ester such as diethylcarbonate. In 1957, Howard Zimmerman and Marjorie D. Traxler proposed that some aldol reactions have "six-membered transition states having a chair conformation. After silylation (TBSOTf), removal of the PMB group by hydrogenolysis and oxidation (SO3.Pyr), the aldehyde 47 was obtained. It was found that the regiocontrol between the α- and γ-positions of the 2-silyloxyfurans could be achieved by the use of aqueous solvent. Polyaldehydes were accessible by coupling optically active bisphosphane precursors with branched aryl bromides. 16, 1869: Valerian aldehyde and Oenanth aldehyde – M. Borodin,", The Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, "Ueber einen neuen Abkömmling des Valerals", Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, "The retroaldol reaction of cinnamaldehyde", (2SR,3RS)-2,4-Dimethyl-3-Hydroxypentanoic Acid, Directed Aldol Synthesis – Formation of E-enolate and Z-enolate, Diastereoselective Aldol Condensation Using A Chiral Oxazolidinone Auxiliary: (2S*,3S*)-3-Hydroxy-3-Phenyl-2-Methylpropanoic Acid, 3-Hydroxy-3-Methyl-1-Phenyl-1-Butanone by Crossed Aldol Reaction, "Catalytic, enantioselective aldol additions with methyl and ethyl acetate, 10.1002/(SICI)1521-3773(19981204)37:22<3124::AID-ANIE3124>3.0.CO;2-1, Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English, "The First Direct and Enantioselective Cross-Aldol Reaction of Aldehydes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aldol_reaction&oldid=985724159#Evans'_oxazolidinone_chemistry, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, English version of Richter's report: (Staff) (December 10, 1869).
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