, Ultimately, Elizabeth would insist she was married to her kingdom and subjects, under divine protection. Queen of the United Kingdom from 1952. Rosie Elizabeth.  Only through the activities of her fleets did Elizabeth pursue an aggressive policy. Anne's marriage to Henry VIII was annulled, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate.  In 1581, to convert English subjects to Catholicism with "the intent" to withdraw them from their allegiance to Elizabeth was made a treasonable offence, carrying the death penalty. have this name. Between 1594 and 1603, Elizabeth faced her most severe test in Ireland during the Nine Years' War, a revolt that took place at the height of hostilities with Spain, who backed the rebel leader, Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone.  At first, only Elizabeth made a virtue of her ostensible virginity: in 1559, she told the Commons, "And, in the end, this shall be for me sufficient, that a marble stone shall declare that a queen, having reigned such a time, lived and died a virgin".  The queen's personal authority was lessening, as is shown in the 1594 affair of Dr. Lopez, her trusted physician. Mary's initial popularity ebbed away in 1554 when she announced plans to marry Philip of Spain, the son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and an active Catholic. Her unwillingness to commit herself to the cause, Leicester's own shortcomings as a political and military leader, and the faction-ridden and chaotic situation of Dutch politics led to the failure of the campaign. Croft, 48. " Sir Walter Raleigh called her "a lady whom time had surprised".  When his wife fell ill in 1558, King Philip sent the Count of Feria to consult with Elizabeth. There are some fun versions of Elizabeth that work perfectly as nicknames. Darnley quickly became unpopular and was murdered in February 1567 by conspirators almost certainly led by James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. Elisabeth, Eliza 2. The name is derived from Greek Elisheva, which means ‘oath of god’. Her last courtship was with Francis, Duke of Anjou, 22 years her junior.  Historians of that period, such as J. E. Neale (1934) and A. L. Rowse (1950), interpreted Elizabeth's reign as a golden age of progress. Henry VIII died in 1547 and Elizabeth's half-brother, Edward VI, became king at age nine. Haigh, 179. and 0.6% American Indian or Alaskan Native. Elizabeth was the tenth most popular name given to baby girls in the United States in 2007 and has been among the 25 most popular names given to girls in the United States for the past 100 years. , During the last years of her reign, Elizabeth came to rely on the granting of monopolies as a cost-free system of patronage, rather than asking Parliament for more subsidies in a time of war. As she grew older, Elizabeth became celebrated for her virginity. Many of them are missing, so that one cannot understand her easily when she speaks quickly." Elizabeth's reign became known as the Elizabethan era. Emma Elizabeth. , Among other marriage candidates being considered for the queen, Robert Dudley continued to be regarded as a possible candidate for nearly another decade.
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