The most influential text was published by Johann Joseph Fux (1660–1741), his Gradus Ad Parnassum (“Steps to Parnassus”), which appeared in 1725. The word “fugue“ comes from the Italian “fuga“ meaning “flight“. The fugue became a very popular form of music in the Baroque period. Because a fugue is a piece which puts several lines of melody together it is a form of contrapuntal music. It's when you have two (or more) musical lines going on at once. This musical form was also apparent in chamber music Bach would later compose for Weimar; the famous Concerto for Two Violins in D Minor(BWV 1043) (although not contrapuntal in its entirety) has a fugal opening section to its first movement. For example, Dmitri Shostakovich, a 20th century composer, wrote preludes and fugues in the same style as Bach. Haydn, for example, taught counterpoint from his own summary of Fux, and thought of it as the basis for formal structure. The adjectival form is fugal. It is a type of counterpoint with a precisely defined structure. The English term fugue originated in the 16th century and is derived from the French word fugue or the Italian fuga. Bach and through the theorist Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg (1718–1795) whoseAbhandlung von der Fuge (“Treatise on the fugue,” 1753) was largely based on J. S. Bach’s work. When the second part comes in it will always be half an octave higher or lower than the beginning (musicians say: “on the dominant”, meaning that it starts on the 5th note of the scale instead of the “tonic” or 1st note). the music that was written down was for the voice, and, unless you are a Variants include fughetta (literally, “a small fugue”) and fugato (a passage in fugal style within another work that is not a fugue). A fugue usually has three sections: the first section is called the “exposition”. The French overture featured a quick fugal section after a slow introduction. This lasts until all the parts have entered. Also, the melody of a fugue is in different scales, whereas in a round the melody is in the same pitches. Fugues were incorporated into a variety of musical forms. A fugue is a piece of music written for a certain number of parts (voices). Bach’s fugues became models for future generations. This is called stretto (NB “stretto” also has a different meaning in music: “hurried”). The middle section will go through various keys (modulate), and the final section will be back in the main key (tonic), and all the parts will probably play the subject or answer in turn once more. The canon is a type of composition wherein the parts or voices have the same melody, each beginning at a different time. The second movement of a sonata da chiesa, as written by Arcangelo Corelli and others, was usually fugal. A redundant entry is the repetition of the subject or answer in a voice in which one or two of the aforementioned have already been stated. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia:How to write Simple English pages, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fugue&oldid=6810930, Pages needing to be simplified from August 2016, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Fugue definition, a polyphonic composition based upon one, two, or more themes, which are enunciated by several voices or parts in turn, subjected to contrapuntal treatment, and gradually built up into a complex form having somewhat distinct divisions or stages of development and a … In the Baroque it could also be considered a genre, as many pieces were composed as stand-alone fugues.The most important thing to remember is the role of the fugue subject as the main melodic idea that is imitated throughout the piece. He wrote two books, each with 24 Preludes and Fugues, called The Well-Tempered Clavier (in German: Das Wohltemperierte Klavier). Then the other parts come in one at a time until they are all playing. Even though fugues were being composed throughout the Baroque, Bach is considered to have no equal in the composition of fugues, so this page is included in this section with him, rather than in the Instrumental Music in the Baroque section.
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