Tasha stated, “I think every child need they daddy in they life. Although not all participants with sons spoke in such explicit terms, the majority discussed fears for their sons’ safety and well-being as they navigated poor, racially segregated neighborhoods and discriminatory contexts, revealing the intersections of race, class, and gender. 2015; Hays 1996), believes that good mothers put children first.
Because her ex-husband was against the divorce, she is also reluctant to ask him for help. It might even result in bullying or teasing from other kids. Welfare Receipt and Political Participation among Young Adults, Threat and Emotions: Mobilizing and Attitudinal Outcomes of a Ballistic Missile Scare, The Racialized Glass Escalator and Safety Net: Wages and Job Quality in “Meds and Eds” among Working-Class Men, The Early-Life Origins of Later-Life Networks, The Authors’ Attic: Interviews with Authors, About the Society for the Study of Social Problems, MARRIAGE AND FAMILY AT THE INTERSECTIONS OF RACE, CLASS, AND GENDER, Linda M. Burton and M. Belinda Tucker (2009), www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-a-fathers-day-event, www.pewstates.org/uploadedFiles/PCS_Assets/2008/one%20in%20100.pdf, https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, daughters (4, 20, 21, 22), sons (9, 17, 19), daughters (9, 13), sons (15, 16, 18, 19, 22, 23, 25), daughters (13, 18, 25), sons (22, 23, 25), daughters (4, 5, 22), sons (7mo, 7, 17, 19), daughters (17, 20, 21), sons (18, 21, 24), Copyright © 2020 Society for the Study of Social Problems.
Elder Glen H., Eccles Jacquelynne S., Ardelt Monika, Lord Sarah. You won’t. Gender Neutral Parenting - Is This a Right Approach? This research was supported by funding from the College of Humanities and Social Sciences and the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at North Carolina State University. These attitudes dovetailed with the popular view that mothers and fathers should occupy separate spheres of home and work and should perform different yet complementary family roles (Coontz 1992; Hill 2005; Parsons and Bales 1955). Although this study focused on low-income black single mothers, showing the complexities and contradictions in their racialized gender strategies, our research highlights the structural and cultural conditions that inform these women’s mothering and that matter, in general, for family well-being: poverty and dangerous neighborhoods, frayed and contested social safety nets, mass incarceration, and the criminalization of youth of color, coupled with sexual double standards and the valorization of fathers and two-parent households. The creative ways families labeled as “deviant” engage in strategies to align their family with the ideal provide insight into the ideological power of “the family” as well as the reproduction of inequality. You also acknowledge that owing to the limited nature of communication possible on interactive elements on the site, any assistance, or response you receive is provided by the author alone. When Shironda found out her 16-year-old daughter had kissed a boy, for example, her 19-year-old son reacted punitively: And my son told her, “You’re trying to grow up too fast.” He said, “Don’t grow up too fast.” I said, “He’s right.” … And he put [her] on punishment. Be careful not to slip and put your child into another ‘type’.
It is vital for children to be comfortable playing with the opposite gender, as this will make them ready for future relationships at work, at home, and in school. I’m not worried about what the outsiders say because they don’t see what goes on in this house. Much has been made about the rise in single mother households over the past several decades, with significant focus on absent fathers and the challenges single mothers face. So he’s got to have that type of freedom to do, you know, on his own. Household incomes ranged from $5,000 to $40,000, with $20,000 as the median. Although both genders have biological differences, in other aspects, they have a mix of traits that are characteristic of both sexes. Let your child play with a wide variety of toys which are not segregated as being toys for boys or girls. Brothermothering may also lead to power struggles, as mothers and sons jostle with two competing hierarchies: between parent and child, and masculinity and femininity. Low-income black parents may also “idealize marriage and gender traditionalism as a way to strengthen black families” (Hill 2005:164), emphasizing the importance of male leadership in the family (Anderson 1999) and a Parsonian division of labor, even as their everyday practices defy these ideologies and expose children to less gender-differentiated roles (Hill 2005). And these power struggles wear on mothers, especially given their concerns about their children’s futures. Support them in whatever choice they make. We began each interview by asking participants to describe their neighborhood, probing for their perceptions of safety, trust, and social ties. And they don’t repeat themselves more than one time”—whereas Dorothy said she often has to repeat herself and still does not feel heard. For example, parents would address the child as ‘Baby’ in their conversations and not ‘Boy’ or ‘Girl’, allow them to dress in what they want, whether it means boys wearing pink, or girls wearing blue, keep neutral room decor and toys, and in general avoid any kind of gender stereotyping. Nine women spoke of leaving bad relationships with men. One was raised by a single mother when the author was a teenager and two are mothers, information we shared with participants.
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