However, a significant amount of power is provided by hydroelectric plants and, to a lesser extent, by solar power stations. Other major crops include cotton, sugarcane, oilseeds, chickpeas, peanuts (groundnuts), and vegetables. All Rights Reserved.
Punjab has one of the best-developed road networks in the country.
The districts are parceled further into a number of tehsils, or subdivisions. There is an international airport in Amritsar, and regular domestic service is available in Chandigarh and Ludhiana. Muslims reside mostly in and around the southwest-central city of Maler Kotla, which was once the centre of a princely state ruled by a Muslim nawab (provincial governor).
Annual rainfall is highest in the Siwalik Range, which may receive more than 45 inches (1,150 mm), and lowest in the southwest, which may receive less than 12 inches (300 mm); statewide average annual precipitation is roughly 16 inches (400 mm). You will notice somewhere in Tamilnadu greeting people on Baisakhi and similarly somebody in Gujarat wishing somebody a Happy Pongal. Where is the IAP also known as MAP sensor on a 1992 Dodge Stealth?
The government provides pensions for the elderly and operates a network of employment exchanges to assist the unemployed. In the modern times, almost all festivals are celebrated in all the states of India though many of them may not be the native festivals... Read More.
There are small communities of Christians and Jains in some areas. How to say I will miss you in Punjabi 1 min read. Punjab also is well served by the Northern Railway—part of the national railway system. Buses at a rail crossing near Amritsar, Punjab. The city of Chandigarh, within the Chandigarh union territory, is the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana. There also are numerous anniversary celebrations in honour of the Gurus (the 10 historical leaders of Sikhism) and various saints. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The word Punjab is a compound of two Persian words, panj (“five”) and āb (“water”), thus signifying the land of five waters, or rivers (the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej).
Some two-fifths of Punjab’s population consists of Hindus and Sikhs who officially belong to the Scheduled Castes (formerly called “untouchables”), which occupy a relatively low position within the traditional Indian caste system. Hindus make up the largest minority, but there also is a significant population of Muslims. Education is compulsory and free for pupils aged 6 to 11. Similarly, Christmas is celebrated as a national festival in India–it, thus, becomes interesting how to … Sort out the facts in this quiz all about the diverse countries and cities around Asia. The works of Sufi poet Waris Shah greatly enriched Punjabi literature in the second half of the 18th century. Learn more about the history and culture of Punjab … Farther south, the narrow, undulating foothill region is dissected by closely spaced seasonal torrents, locally known as chos, several of which terminate in the plain below without joining any stream. 0 0 1. The state is led by a governor, who is appointed by the president of India. Broadcasting has been especially important in the dissemination of vocational and cultural education throughout the state. Industries with the largest number of workers include those producing silk, wool, and other textiles; processed foods and beverages; metal products and machinery; transport equipment; and furniture. Although the yield of pulses (legumes) has declined since the late 20th century, there has been a rapid increase in the commercial production of fruit, especially citrus, mangoes, and guavas.
Most of the annual rainfall occurs from July to September, the months of the southwest monsoon. Later, invaders under the banner of Islam forced several vanquished groups (such as the Jat peasant caste and the Rajput class of landowners) to convert to the Muslim faith, although many conversions were voluntary under the influence of Sufi saints.
Punjab in its present state came into existence on November 1, 1966, when most of its predominantly Hindi-speaking areas were separated to form the new state of Haryana. 17. How many states in Punjab? How can you become a state representative?
The state also has schemes to aid those from traditionally disadvantaged social groups through scholarships, employment services, and assorted loans and grants for business activities. Your IP: 22.214.171.124 The state is divided into more than a dozen districts, which are grouped into several revenue divisions. Punjab’s services sector includes trade, transportation and storage, financial services, real estate, public administration, and other services. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. In addition, there are more than 200 specialized colleges and technical institutions. Over large parts of the Siwalik Range, bush vegetation has succeeded trees as a result of extensive deforestation. The southwestern part of the plains, formerly strewn with sand dunes, has mostly been levelled off with the expansion of irrigation projects. The sector has grown rapidly since the late 20th century.
Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The people of Punjab are mainly descendants of the so-called Aryan tribes that entered India from the northwest during the 2nd millennium bce, as well as the pre-Aryan population, probably Dravidians (speakers of Dravidian languages), who had a highly developed civilization. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. The structure of Punjab’s government, like that of most other states of India, is determined by the national constitution of 1950. The cultural rich state of Punjab adds around 3.5 lakh people to its population every year.
Below the High Court are district-level courts. This region, with its fertile alluvial soils, slopes gently from an elevation of about 900 feet (275 metres) in the northeast to about 550 feet (170 metres) in the southwest. Punjab produces an important portion of India’s food grain and contributes a major share of the wheat and rice stock held by the Central Pool (a national repository system of surplus food grain). Summers are very hot. In June, the warmest month, daily temperatures in Ludhiana usually reach about 100 °F (upper 30s C) from a low in the upper 70s F (mid-20s C).
Area 19,445 square miles (50,362 square km). As applied to the present Indian state of Punjab, however, it is a misnomer: since the partition of India in 1947, only two of those rivers, the Sutlej and the Beas, lie within Punjab’s territory, while the Ravi flows only along part of its western border. Dancing is a typical feature of such festivities, with bhangra, jhumar, and sammi among the most popular genres. Wiki User Answered . At the head of the judiciary is the High Court, which is located in Chandigarh and is shared with the state of Haryana. In the early 21st century the demand for electricity in Punjab continued to exceed the supply. Today, however, the majority religion of Punjab is Sikhism, which originated from the teachings of Nanak, the first Sikh Guru. In addition to Sikh religious music, semiclassical Mughal forms, such as the khyal dance and the ṭhumrī, ghazal, and qawwālī vocal performance genres, continue to be popular. In addition to the government, private organizations have played a significant role in the extension of education at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels throughout the state.
The manufacturing sector (including construction) has expanded notably since the late 20th century. Punjab spans three physiographic regions, the smallest being the Siwalik Range in the northeast, where elevations reach about 3,000 feet (900 metres). Punjab has several state universities, including Punjabi University (1962) in Patiala, Guru Nanak Dev University (1969) in Amritsar, Panjab University (1956) in Chandigarh, Punjab Agricultural University (1962) in Ludhiana, Punjab Technical University (1997) in Jalandhar, and Baba Farid University of Health Sciences (1998) in Faridkot. Contemporary in the 20th and early 21st centuries Punjabi literature found some of its greatest exponents in poet and author Bhai Vir Singh and the poets Puran Singh, Dhani Ram Chatrik, Mohan Singh “Mahir,” and Shiv Kumar Batalvi; renowned novelists included Jaswant Singh Kanwal, Gurdial Singh, Giani Gurdit Singh, and Sohan Singh Shital, among others.
Even so, many types of rodents (such as mice, rats, squirrels, and gerbils), bats, birds, and snakes, as well as some species of monkeys, have adapted to the farming environment. In January, the coolest month, daily temperatures normally rise from the mid-40s (about 7 °C) into the mid-60s F (upper 10s C). The origins of Punjabi literature trace to the mystical and religious verse of the 13th-century Sufi (mystic) Shaikh Farīd and to the 15th–16th-century founder of the Sikh faith, Guru Nanak; those figures were the first to use Punjabi extensively as a medium of poetic expression. Top Answer. Successive waves of invaders—Greeks, Parthians, Kushans, and Hephthalites (Hunas)—added to the diversity of earlier social, or caste, groups (jatis). About one-third of Punjab’s population lives in cities and towns.
The Bhakra Dam project in neighbouring Himachal Pradesh provides much of Punjab’s supply of irrigation water. With the growth of human settlement over the centuries, Punjab has been cleared of most of its forest cover. However, many people also speak English and Urdu. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its major cities are Ludhiana in the central region, Amritsar in the northwest, Jalandhar in north-central Punjab, Patiala in the southeast, and Bathinda in the south-central part of the state. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? The word’s origin can perhaps be traced to panca nada, Sanskrit for “five rivers” and the name of a region mentioned in the ancient epic the Mahabharata.
Punjab in its present form came into existence on November 1, 1966, when most of its predominantly Hindi-speaking areas were separated to form the new state of Haryana.
Some two-fifths of Punjab’s population is engaged in the agricultural sector, which accounts for a significant segment of the state’s gross product. Punjab, state of India, located in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. How many district in Punjab Largest district of Punjab Smallest district of Punjab How many district in Punjab As of June 2020, there are total 22 districts in Punjab. Other important buildings include the Martyr’s Memorial at Jallianwalla Bagh (a park in Amritsar), the Hindu Temple of Durgiana (also in Amritsar), the so-called Moorish Mosque in Kapurthala (patterned after a Moroccan model), and the old forts of Bathinda and Bahadurgarh. Omissions? Lower administrative and revenue units include circles, blocks, and villages, as well as police districts and police stations. Author of. How much will a midwifery schooling cost?
Hospitals attached to medical colleges, district- and tehsil-level medical facilities, health care centres in rural areas, and numerous dispensaries constitute a widespread health care network. Pakistan is the 5th most populous and 33rd largest(Area) country With Sixth largest standing army. Giddha, a native Punjabi tradition, is a humorous song-and-dance genre performed by women. Numerous social services are provided by government and voluntary organizations. • There have been attempts at reforestation on the hillsides, and eucalyptus trees have been planted along major roads. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Its chief motifs, such as the dome and the geometric design, are repeated in most of the Sikh places of worship. 2013-05-01 13:00:37 2013-05-01 13:00:37. The state of Punjab has as many as 22 districts.
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