The Vishnu Purana mentions that she had many sons headed by Shruta. The ecological impact on river Yamuna has been immense-with the aquatic life disappearing by the day. However, he refused to walk to the waters and called upon the river to come near him, but the chaste Yamuna refused despite repeated orders from Balarama. The river is worshipped as a Hindu goddess called Yamuna. In Hindu scriptures, she is daughter of Surya, the sun god, and Sandhya, dusk goddess. The river is named after the sister of Yama i.e. , A tale explains her name Yamuna: Sanjna was unable to bear her husband, the sun's heat and light and closed her eyes in his presence. The confluence of the two rivers is an especially sacred place to Hindus and is the site of annual festivals, as well as the Kumbh Mela, which is held every 12 years and is attended by millions of devotees. Fish, turtles, alligators and other such life dependent on fresh river water are dying in the toxic industrial pollutants and sewage dumped in Yamuna. With an annual flow of about 10,000 cubic billion metres, the river accounts for more than 70% of Delhi’s water supply. Yamuna River is India’s fifth longest river. , Yamuna is one of the holiest rivers in Hinduism. All rights reserved, Essay on Brahmaputra River For Kids & Students. In the Purushamedha rite in the Shatapatha Brahmana, a mother of twins is sacrificed to Yami, while twins are offered in the Taittiriya Brahmana.  Socioeconomic Significance: It helps create the highly fertile alluvial Yamuna- in the Indo-Gangetic plain. Since Sanjna had tried to keep the eyes open, Yamuna was blessed that she would worshipped as a goddess and remembered throughout time. Yamuna's iconographic depiction is seen on temple doorjambs, along with that of Ganga (the goddess of the Ganges), since the Gupta era. The River Yamuna, linked to the sacred river Ganges, meanders through Agra passing many Mughal sites of special interest including Chini-ka Rauza and Itimad-ud-Daulah. The river is worshipped as a Hindu goddess called Yamuna. Traffic on the Yamuna is light. , The Brahmana text Maitrayani Samhita narrates: Yami grieved instantly the death of Yama, the first mortal to die. After a stay of few days there, Krishna and Kalindi returned to his capital Dwarka with their entourage and duly married each other.  The Agni Purana describes Yamuna's iconography. Yamuna is a sacred river in Hinduism and the main tributary of the Goddess Ganga (Ganges), the holiest river of Hinduism.  Some legends also explain Yamuna's darkness and thus her name Kalindi. , The Bhagavata Purana also narrates: Krishna's elder brother Balarama was staying in Ambadi on Yamuna's banks for a few months.  Yamuna is known as Yami, while in later literature, she is called Kalindi. When Arjuna inquired, the girl told him that she was Kalindi, the daughter of Surya, and that she was living in a house constructed by her father in the river where she has been was performing austerities with intent to have Vishnu as her husband and would remain there, until she finds him. The Padma Purana narrates the story of two brothers, who lived a life of indulgence and lust and gave up the virtuous ways. Experiencing heat of the, Balarama felt to take a bath in the river. She is worshipped everywhere it goes. The gods created night separating two days so that Yami understood that time was passing and slowly recovered from her sorrow. Nearly 57 million people depend on the Yamuna’s waters. But the government as well as international studies are now suggesting that this river system which has had religious, political and ecological importance, is now dead. Cleaning the river Yamuna is the responsibility of the Government, which is legally bound by law to provide safe drinking water to its citizens. Yama explained that the younger brother had lived in the ashram of a sage on Yamuna's banks and bathed in the sacred river for two months. For other uses, see, "Kalindi" redirects here. It has been the major source of daily bread and butter for millions of Indians. People in the country who’ve had even one look at this river would tell you the same. This was the first time that she saw Krishna whom she marries in later life.  Yamuna wanted to touch the feet of the baby which she did at deeper depths of the river and as a result the river became very calm.. There, a lovely girl was strolling along the river bank. , According to O'Flaherty, Yami is considered to be the twin sister of Yama in Vedic beliefs. Over the past several centuries, the river has been the important part of culture in India. The river basin is also the land of one of the most ancient known civilizations.  According to Bhagavata Purana she had ten sons: Shruta, Kavi, Vrsa, Vira, Subahu, Bhadra, Santi, Darsa, Purnamasa and the youngest, Somaka. Then they traveled to Indraprastha with Kalindi in the chariot and met Yudhishthira. Yamuna is a sacred river in Hinduism and the main tributary of the Goddess Ganga (Ganges), the holiest river of Hinduism. The waters of this river also help in satisfying the domestic water needs of major cities and towns along and beyond its banks, including Delhi, Agra, and Mathura.  and the planet Saturn (Shani).She is described as Surya's favourite child. Yamuna is only second to the Ganges (Ganga), the holiest river in Hinduism. The river is mentioned many times in the epic as backdrop for events like yajnas (sacrifices), austerities and even a suicide by a defeated minister Hamsa of Jarasandha. Bathing in or drinking Yamuna's waters is believed to remove sin. Importance of Yamuna in Indian ecosystem.
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