I get wet when I bathe. Ella empezó a llorar. Although the Spanish infinitive is sometimes translated as an infinitive in English, it isn't always, as the following examples show: There is a wide variety of non-verb situations in which we leave the infinitive unchanged. She hopes to travel to London. verb + preposition + infinitive: Me voy después de leer. La película se trata de correr en los juegos olímpicos. We do not do this in Spanish. She takes notes in order to understand better. The movie is about running in the Olympic Games. Preferimos no tener tarea. !����\m�����Ê�%��6\���=����gO�7ב��m�7�`ٳ(�����r�� �k�����2 The two verbs may be linked by nothing at all, or by. Others make no sense whatsoever. Me mojo al bañarme. Accepted 15 September 2015. Siempre come antes de estudiar. Some examples: ¡Ella insiste en pintar! ON THE DE + INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTION (DEÍSMO) IN SPANISH Carlota de BENITO1 & Enrique PATO2 Universität Zürich1 / Université de Montréal2 email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org Remember, if the subject doesn't change from one clause to the next, use an infinitive, not a subjunctive verb: Yo quiero visitar Machu Picchu. U Infinitives can also be used directly after sensory verbs: Escucho hablar el poeta. See also: Spanish Commands (the Imperative Mood). In English, the infinitive is usually thought of as being made up of two words, for example, to speak. The rules for using por and para are long and complex. We just do. We can write a formula for this construction as: conjugated verb + preposition "de" + infinitive, A few examples of verbs which use the formula above are: terminar de, tratar de, dejar de, terminar de, parar de, dejar de, olvidar de, verb = terminar (present indicative) The infinitive is the basic form of the verb and it can have three possible endings: -ar (cantar), -er (comer) or -ir (vivir). Eh... Al venir acá y compartir con tantas culturas, pues. B But we don't always conjugate our infinitives. What's an "object of a verb"? I Arrastre la respuesta correcta a la casilla. %PDF-1.3 %���� A 4 page worksheet on infinitive constructions, especially useful for GCSE students and appropriate for both foundation and higher tiers. The Spanish infinitive is used quite frequently after conjugated verbs, and sometimes in a way that has no direct equivalent in English. Note: When used with an infinitive, volver a means "to do something again.". But I just arrived! Let's look at sentences which follow the formula conjugated verb + preposition + infinitive, Some verbs are followed by the preposition "a" and then the infinitive form of another verb. I saw her dancing. It’s best to learn these constructions when you learn a new verb. When we want to use a verb as a noun in English, we use gerund ("-ing") form of the verb. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Read more about them at Using Por and Para. Infinitives are found after prepositions, set phrases and in instructions to the general public. Este fue el primer lugar visitado por nuestro Libertador Simón Bolívar, al llegar a la hacienda San Pedro Alejandrino. Nota: Note: Sometimes the article el is used with an infinitive to emphasize the fact that it is a subject. verb = trabajar (infinitive). I listen to the poet speak. ; When you look up a verb in the dictionary, you will find that information is usually listed under the infinitive form. Note: When used with an infinitive, para means "in order to.". K �u��J������g���)��8��Dq��s���V��%�6ڷ|�C����f��y��V�����r��!���� .L��p�F��;5o�Q��ڒ�e7x٥��4�+�h8И�eH We make mistakes by acting without thinking. The Spanish lessons cover grammar, expressions, verb conjugations, vocabulary, and more. We hope you enjoy it and don't forget to send us your comments and questions. (tener, haber), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Use our free online Spanish test to estimate your level of fluency. Kindness is the quality of being gentle , caring , and helpful. T Tes Global Ltd is You hurt yourself by running without stretching. Green = Beginner Be careful in revising your report. Note: When used with an infinitive, acabar de means "to just have done something.".
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