michael marmot ucl

Professor of Epidemiology at University College London. He served as President of the British Medical Association (BMA) from 2010 to 2011, and is the new President of the British Lung Foundation. Michael Marmot has led a research group on health inequalities for the past 30 years. Director, Institute of Health Equity; Professor, Dept of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL. Contact. Droits d'auteur © 2010–2020, The Conversation France (assoc. He was a member of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution for six years and in 2000 he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II, for services to epidemiology and the understanding of health inequalities. His department includes the MRC National Survey of Health & Development, a longitudinal study directed by Professor Michael Wadsworth of people born in Britain in 1946 and followed up since. [citation needed], He earned a Master of Public Health in 1972[citation needed] and a PhD in 1975 from the University of California, Berkeley for research into Acculturation and Coronary Heart Disease in Japanese Americans.[7]. On 6 November 2008, Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced that the Secretary of State for Health Alan Johnson had asked Sir Michael Marmot to chair a Review of Health Inequalities in England to inform policy making to address health inequalities from 2010. At the request of the British Government, he conducted a Strategic Review of Health Inequalities in England post 2010, which published its report ''Fair Society, Healthy Lives' in February 2010. This result holds even if we control for the effects of income, education and risk factors (such as smoking) on health. 2008 Tore Andersson Award in Epidemiological Research, Karolinska Institutet, 2008 William B. Graham Prize for Health Services Research, 2007 Centre for Disease Control (CDC) Foundation Hero Award, 2006 Winner BMA Book Awards 2006 (Public Health), 2004 Alwyn Smith Prize Medal for distinguished service to public health, Faculty of Public Health, 2003 Visiting Fellow Commoner, Trinity College, Cambridge, 2002 Decade of Behaviour Distinguished Speaker, Gerontological Society of America, 2002 Patricia B Barchas Award, American Psychosomatic Society, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 20:40. MD PhD FRCP. [8] Marmot advises the WHO. A cohort of 10,308 participants aged 35-55, of whom 3,413 were women and 6,895 men, was recruited from the British Civil Service in 1985. Marmot has led research groups on health inequalities for over 35 years. UCL Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT Tel: +44 (0) 20 7679 2000. Marmot is a Foreign Associate Member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM), and a former vice-president of the Academia Europaea. [9], Marmot conducted ground-breaking studies of heart disease and stroke, comparing Japanese people in Japan (high stroke rates, low heart attack rates) with those in Hawaii and California, where, especially in later generations, the disease patterns became reversed after adopting lifestyle, stress and diet changes. ‘We have lost a decade. Marmot has led research groups on health inequalities for 40 years. Real cuts to people’s incomes are damaging the nation’s health for the long term; lifespans are stalling,and people are living for more years in poor health. Autonomy in this sense is related to our socio-economic position. Life expectancy is starting to slow or even stop in England after decades of increase, according to high-impact research by Sir Michael Marmot, Director of UCL's Institute of Health Equity, in the Institute's 2017 Marmot Indicators release. There are 120 other academic staff in the department. Director of the International Institute for Society and Health. Profile Articles Activity. Professor of Epidemiology at University College London, and President of the World Medical Association. He was chair of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), which was set up by the World Health Organization in 2005, and produced "Closing the Gap in a Generation" in August 2008. [citation needed], In 2008, Marmot appeared in Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick?, an American documentary series examining the social determinants of health that drew heavily from Marmot's work on the Whitehall Studies. Results for 24 hour urinary sodium and potassium excretion. Professor Marmot holds the Harvard Lown Professorship for 2014-2017 and is the recipient of the Prince Mahidol Award for Public Health 2015. It found that life expectancy is falling among the poorest people and particularly amongst women in certain English regions. [10][11][12][13][14], Marmot has a special interest in inequalities in health[15][16] and their causes, and has been a government advisor in seeking to identify ways to mitigate them. Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick? He is a fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, an honorary fellow of the British Academy, and an honorary fellow of the Faculty of Public Health of the Royal College of Physicians. [4], Marmot was born in London on 26 January 1945. The founder of Whitehall II, Professor Sir Michael Marmot, was knighted in 2000 for his services to epidemiology and the understanding of health inequalities. • Michael Marmot is professor of epidemiology at University College London, director of the UCL Institute of Health Equity, and past president of … On 11 October 2014, Professor Sir Michael Marmot was selected as the next President-elect of the World Medical Association. Since this first wave of data collection, self-completion questionnaires and clinical data have been collected from the cohort every two to five years with a high level of participation. 1901), L’expertise universitaire, l’exigence journalistique. Marmot is a Vice-President of the Academia Europaea, a Foreign Associate Member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM), and the chair of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health set up by the World Health Organization in 2005. MRC Research Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College, London. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, About page on the Institute of Health Equity website, Michael Marmot interviewed by Kirsty Young, Rise in life expectancy has stalled since 2010, research shows, "Intersalt: An international study of electrolyte excretion and blood pressure. Publications 1,340. These are in addition to the contribution of unhealthy behaviours and traditional risk factors (such as high blood pressure). Michael Marmot. University College, London; UCL Institute of Health Equity, London; Patrons: Medsin; World Social Science Forum 2015; HealthWORKS; CCDE Co-patron; Thesis: Acculturation and Coronary Heart Disease in Japanese-Americans (1975) Sir Michael Gideon Marmot, FBA, FMedSci, FRCP (born 26 February 1945) is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at University College London. [7] He has more recently led the Whitehall Studies of British civil servants, again focusing on heart disease and other disease patterns. He was Chair of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), which was set up by the World Health Organization in 2005, and produced the report entitled: ‘Closing the Gap in a Generation’ in August 2008. About. Overview. He is currently the Director of The UCL Institute of Health Equity. The study is now a study on ageing, with the 30 year old follow-up allowing research on multimorbidity, functional decline, frailty, disability, and dementia. Professor Sir Michael Marmot MBBS, MPH, PhD, FRCP, FFPHM, FMedSci. [citation needed], In 2020 the review was published. 3 Articles 0 Comments . The causal pathway Marmot identifies concerns the psychic benefits of "being in control" of one's life. The Department is part of the UCL School of Life and Medical Sciences and the UCL Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care. He is the author of The Health Gap: the challenge of an unequal world (2015) and Status Syndrome: how your place on the social gradient directly affects your health (2004). He chaired the Breast Screening Review for the NHS National Cancer Action Team and was a member of The Lancet-University of Oslo Commission on Global Governance for Health. He leads the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), and is engaged in several international research efforts on the social determinants of health. He is an Honorary Fellow of the American College of Epidemiology, a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, an Honorary Fellow of the British Academy, and an Honorary Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health of the Royal College of Physicians. The Whitehall II study has shown the importance of psychosocial factors such as work stress and work-family conflict in heart disease and diabetes. [18], Media related to Michael Marmot at Wikimedia Commons, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. He has been awarded honorary doctorates from 16 universities. He leads the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and is engaged in several international research efforts on the social determinants of health. Marmot served as president of the World Medical Association for 2015–16. Systematic review of prospective cohort studies", "Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health Report", "Austerity blamed for life expectancy stalling for first time in century", Tackling health inequalities: ‘Marmot cities’, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Michael_Marmot&oldid=987244837, People educated at Sydney Boys High School, University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health alumni, Fellows of the Royal College of Physicians, Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, BLP articles lacking sources from February 2016, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from July 2017, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from July 2017, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Pages using infobox scientist with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with ORCID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 2016 Awarded an honorary doctorate by the, 2012 Lifetime Award Fellowship Eur Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, 2012 European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Fellowship, 2011 Ambuj Nath Bose Prize, Royal College of Physicians, 2011 Medal of City of Lima, awarded by Mayor of Lima, 2011 Sir Liam Donaldson Lecture and Medal, Health Protection Agency, 2011 Fellow, Association for Psychological Medicine, 2011 Avedis Donabedian International Foundation Award, 2010 Manchester Doubleday Award, Manchester School of Medicine, 2010 Jenner Medal, Royal Society of Medicine, 2010–11 President, British Medical Association. The founder of Whitehall II, Professor Sir Michael Marmot, was knighted in 2000 for his services to epidemiology and the understanding of health inequalities. Projects 12. He won the Balzan Prize for Epidemiology in 2004, gave the Harveian Oration in 2006 and won the William B. Graham Prize for Health Services Research in 2008. Founder of Whitehall II: Michael Marmot.

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