These records can provide a wealth of architectural information, including types of structures, building materials, ownership and drawings. The Fellowship Commission and its member organizations achieved their first major victory in 1948, when the Republican-controlled City Council passed a Fair Employment Practices ordinance, but their signal success came three years later. In the ten years after World War II, only three subdivisions in suburban Philadelphia were marketed on a non-racial basis. The campaign to desegregate Girard College, which peaked with seven months of daily picketing at the college’s ten-foot high walls, forced the City of Brotherly Love to confront its own history of racial segregation and discrimination at the very moment that the nation was celebrating the downfall of de jure segregation in the South. While the collection contains mostly photographs, with the bulk of items dated between 1889 and 1915, there are also lithographs, india ink drawings, prints, engravings, and silhouettes. But in the second half of the 20th century, Philadelphia’s population dropped by more than 550,000—a loss, on average, of more than 110,000 residents every decade. South Philly Kaleidoscope: The 9th Street Market Mural, Philadelphia, PA 19107 (map) People that used to come together to help one another are now not so willing. The material on this site is provided for private research use and is protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, US Code). In a campaign led by Sadie Alexander, the Commission successfully pressed for the inclusion of a ban on racial and religious discrimination in all municipal employment, services, and contracts in the city’s new Home Rule Charter, which voters adopted in April 1951. Other subjects include bridges, churches, factories, fire engines and companies, hotels, monuments, schools, societies and clubs, the Centennial International Exposition, Lincoln’s funeral, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. People who have been around long enough recall a time when going into the Northeast or even northwest(!) Zoning remained a controversial issue for Northeast inhabitants throughout the postwar period, with many vocally campaigning against public housing proposals in the vicinity of their neighborhoods. But the new migrants encountered the same paradoxical mix of new opportunities and persistent racial discrimination that had greeted the first wave of migrants from the South. (PCHR), to enforce the ban on discrimination. The directories of the Philadelphia and Reading Railway Company announced that they had leased for a period of 990 years the North Pennsylvania Railroad to Bethlehem, with its connection, and the Bound Brook Railroad to New York, lease to date from May 1, 1879. The leader of Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel examines the history of the Philadelphia Jewish community from the days of William Penn to the present, which he'll discuss at an upcoming free lecture. Moore died from cardiac arrest at age 63 in 1979, but his legacy as a civil rights leader has lived on in numerous acknowledgements around Philadelphia. At the same time, a wide range of new organizations committed to the struggle for racial justice were emerging in the city. In the early twentieth century, Philadelphia’s elected officials embraced the City Beautiful Movement with the intention of improving the city’s infrastructure and attracting affluent suburbanites to downtown Philadelphia. Moreover, Jews in Philadelphia lived in actual Jewish neighborhoods — real communities organically tied together by family, business, recreation, education and faith. The collection spans from the mid-19th century to the late 20th century. Martindale, Joseph. By telling the story of two of the landmark moments in the history of the struggle to achieve racial justice in Philadelphia, the 1964, shows that the struggle for civil rights was as relevant to the black residents of Philadelphia as to black Southerners. It found that Northeast Philadelphia’s white population had fallen precipitously, from 92 percent in 1990 to 58.3 percent in 2010. What’s your favorite memory of Philadelphia from way back when? In an industry heavily dependent on government contracts and in which union-run hiring halls controlled employment, the City Charter’s ban on racial discrimination in municipal contracts seemed an ideal mechanism to open up employment in the skilled trades to black workers. The development of a special processing center for “new Americans” on a wharf on Washington Street served to concentrate immigrant settlement in South Philadelphia’s growing “Jewish Quarter.” Others, however, settled in the area of Marshall and Brown above Market Street. For many neighborhoods, some of the best information available can be found in the records of the social, cultural, and economic organizations serving the interests of the local citizens. Still, it demonstrated a growing desire among black residents of inner-city neighborhoods for alternatives to the integrationist civil rights agenda, a desire that Black Power advocates would seek to meet later in the decade with their agenda of community control and political empowerment for black urban neighborhoods. Of course, the city of Philadelphia has changed its borders and renamed its streets on various occasions over its history, with major street renaming efforts in 1858 and 1897. Northeast Philadelphia remained a predominantly rural region, with large farmlands permeating its landscape, within the city's boundaries until World War II. In contrast, the Eastern European Jews began to spread out like a fan, from South Philadelphia to West Philadelphia, Strawberry Mansion, Germantown, West Oak Lane, Logan, Olney and ultimately Oxford Circle and the Northeast. Philadelphia is a region, not a polity, for its Jewish population. Public support for mandatory school desegregation in the city’s public schools eventually faded in the mid-1970s, at which point city officials and residents agreed to institute a voluntary school-desegregation plan commencing in 1978, which experienced less popular resistance in the Northeast.
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