Please enable scripts and reload this page.  In the beginning, only men were eligible to be members of the Assembly, and only around one half of men were able to pass the property or income qualifications required to vote. The Legislative Assembly was reduced in size from 80 to 72 by the loss of the Queensland seats. List of New South Wales Legislative Council by-elections 1845-1856. I have returned to New South Wales eight times since then and am always delighted by the warm and generous hospitality accorded to Prince Philip and me by the people of this State. The Queen of Australia has a throne in the Legislative Council, and Queen Elizabeth II has opened the New South Wales Parliament on two occasions, on 4 February 1954, as part of her first visit to Australia, which was also the first occasion in which the monarch of Australia had opened a session of any Australian parliament. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The old Legislative Council of New South Wales was created by an Act of the British government in 1823 as an advisory body to the Governor of the colony and was initially composed of five colonial officials nominated by the Crown.  The Legislative Council has three main functions: to represent the people, to legislate and to scrutinise the executive government as a ‘House of review’. The New South Wales Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of the Australian state of New South Wales. It grew to seven members in 1825, and between ten and fifteen in 1829. With the new 54-member Legislative Assembly taking over the council chamber, a second meeting chamber for the 21-member upper house had to be added to the Parliament building in Macquarie Street. As the result of a 1995 referendum, every four years half the seats in the Council come up for election on the fourth Saturday in March, barring exceptional circumstances. Counties of Gloucester, Macquarie, and Stanley, Pastoral Districts of Moreton, Wide Bay, Burnett, and Maranoa, Pastoral Districts of Wellington and Bligh, Pastoral Districts of Lachlan and Lower Darling, Pastoral Districts of New England and Macleay, Geelong Advertiser and Squatters' Advocate, The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser, The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser, "Election of a member for the Legislative Council", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal, The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator, "Declaration for the County of Cumberland", "1849/8 Committee on the qualifications of James Martin", "Legislative Council: message from the Governor:- Mr James Martin", "Abstract of the general state of the poll", "Contemporary opinions on the late election movements", "1854/8 Committee on elections and qualifications, on the validity of the election for the seat of Stanley", "Stanley election: the declaration of the poll", "Roxburgh and Wellington election – nomination day", "Part 3 Members of the Legislative Council", Elections and referendums in New South Wales, Former electoral districts of the New South Wales Legislative Council, Pastoral Districts of Clarence and Darling Downs, Pastoral Districts of Liverpool Plains and Gwydir, Counties of Roxburgh, Phillip and Wellington, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_New_South_Wales_Legislative_Council_by-elections_1845-1856&oldid=984796363, Short description with empty Wikidata description, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 04:30.  A small, 5-member appointed Legislative Council began meeting on 24 August 1824 to advise the Governor on legislative matters. It grew to seven members in 1825, and between ten and fifteen in 1829. But the NSW Legislative Council opposed the idea of disinterring the dead so the City of Sydney continued searching for a permanent site, meeting at various hotels in the meantime. Members serve eight-year terms, which are staggered, with half the Council being elected every four years, roughly coinciding with elections to the Legislative Assembly. In the 1999 elections, a record number of parties contested seats in the Council, resulting in an unwieldy ballot paper (referred to as the "table cloth" ballot paper), and a complex exchange of preferences between the numerous parties running candidates. The other occasion was on 20 February 1992, during her visit to Sydney to celebrate the sesquicentenary of the incorporation of the City of Sydney, on which occasion she stated: From 1846 to 1856 the title was Speaker of the Legislative Council. As a result, party registration requirements have since been made more restrictive (e.g., requiring more voters as members, and a larger number of candidates to become eligible for a simple "above-the-line" voting box), and the replacement of party preference arrangements with optional preferential voting. The number of members was reduced to 45, although transitional arrangements meant that there were 43 members from 1978 to 1981, and 44 from 1981 to 1984. Between 1843 and 1856 the New South Wales Legislative Council was a hybrid in which … Indigenous Australians gained the right to vote in all States and in Federal elections (prior to this Indigenous Australians, while not officially prevented from voting in New South Wales, were effectively denied the vote through a range of discriminatory regulations and practices). The President of the Legislative Council has a casting vote should the result be equal from among those present eligible and choosing to vote. 1. The Legislative Council has three main functions: to represent the people, to legislate and to scrutinise the executive government as a ‘House of review’. As a result, party registration requirements have since been made more restrictive (e.g., requiring more voters as members, and a larger number of candidates to become eligible for a simple "above-the-line" voting box), and the replacement of party preference arrangements with optional preferential voting. In 1856 the unicameral Legislative Council was abolished and replaced with an elected Legislative Assembly and an appointed Legislative Council. By 1869 it secured the George Street site and the graves were moved to Sydney’s new Rookwood Necropolis. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ELECTRICAL UTILITIES IN NSW This material is based on a historic document originally prepared in 1996, and subsequently updated to 2007.
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