Baker died of cancer on February 22, 1945, in New York City. Unable to make ends meet, Baker took a job as a medical inspector for the New York City Department of Health. Midwives were often unqualified, however, and infant death rates were high. Peavy, Linda, and Ursula Smith, Women Who Changed Things, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1983, p. 122. She also served a term as president of the American Medical Women's Association. That Baker left a large and genre-spanning textual legacy is interesting. Sara Josephine Baker (1873-1945) was a physician working toward improving the public health care and reducing infant mortality rates substantially in New York City. Morantz, Regina Markell, Cynthia Stodola Pomerleau, and Carol Fenichel, eds., In Her Own Words: Oral Histories of Women Physicians, Yale University Press, 1982, p. 30. Baker's Quaker Aunt Abby stimulated her intellectually and instilled in her the courage to be a nonconformist. All Rights Reserved. Baker instituted a mandatory licensing program with results so successful that she was able to demonstrate that rates of infection for home deliveries were lower than those for hospitals. At le… When Baker was 16 years old both her father and brother died in a typhoid epidemic. For 16 years, from its organization in 1912, she was a staff consultant to the federal Children’s Bureau. In 1908 the Department of Health established a division of child hygiene, with Baker as its director. Josephine Baker helped to establish some of the first programs in preventative medicine and public health. Publishers were the start of the recording process, employing “song…. Devastated, she abandoned plans for attending Vassar and decided to go directly to New York Women's Medical College. Since she did not have an actual degree in the field of public health herself, she offered to teach in return for the opportunity to earn the diploma.  Dr. Paul de Lacy Baker quoted in Regina Markell Morantz-Sanchez, Sympathy & Science: Women Physicians in American Medicine (UNC Press Books, 2000), 51. Baker's reception by some of the male students was hostile, but she continued teaching at NYU for 15 years. In 1901 Baker was appointed a medical inspector for the city health department, and in 1907 she became assistant to the commissioner of health. Background and Education. There she shaped policies for innovative health reform and made preventive medicine and health education the responsibility of government. After graduating in 1898 she interned at the New England Hospital for Women and Children and then entered private practice in New York City. In the early 1970s the city of New York lapsed into bankruptcy, and the music business completed its move west, centring on Los Angeles. It was into this world of calamitous infant death and official indifference that Dr. Sara Josephine Baker arrived like a meteor at the turn of the Twentieth Century. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Sara Josephine Baker was a pioneer in public health care and preventive medicine in the early part of the twentieth century.
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