Inform Fire & Emergency Services, police and medical services from a safe location by calling 101, 100 and 108 respectively. Keep the contact numbers of nearest hazardous industry, fire station, police station, control room, health services and district control room, for emergency use. Short term exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and eye irritation and gastrointestinal effects. When exposed, common symptoms include irritation to eyes, nose and skin; gastrointestinal and respiratory effects. Wash clothing before reuse and in all cases, get medical attention. Inform others on the occurrence of an event at public gathering places (like school, shopping centre, theatre etc.). Arjun Rampal arrives at Narcotics Control Bureau, Horrific visuals of Vizag gas leak emerge. Prepare an emergency kit of items and essentials in the house, including medicines, documents and valuables. 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According to the US-based Environment Protection Agency (EPA), short-term (Acute) exposure to styrene results in mucous membrane irritation, eye irritation and gastrointestinal effects … If inhaled, remove to fresh air. Keep the sick, elderly, weak, handicapped and other people who are unable to evacuate inside house and close all the doors and windows tightly. Styrene is 3.6 times heavier than air and rapidly settle down, not spread at height more than 3 ft, but in nearby village and area, people fell which … 2. The gas leak has also left scores of citizens fainting and dropping unconscious on the ground. Instead, give large quantities of water. During exposure to styrene gas, a person can feel symptoms like headache, loss in hearing, fatigue, weakness, and difficulty in concentrating among others. Do not smoke, light fire or spark in the identified hazardous area. Keep a wet handkerchief or piece of cloth/ sari on face during evacuation. Take part in preparing a disaster management plan for the community and identify safe shelter along with safe and easy access routes. Don't pay attention to the rumours and don't spread them. The terrible incident was reminiscent of the 1984 Bhopal tragedy. In this article, you'll learn everything from its properties to its effects on human body and most important do's and don'ts in case of exposure. If swallowed, it is strongly advised against inducing vomit. A poisonous gas leak from a styrene plant owned by LG, located about 15 km from the coastal city of Vizag, caused over ten deaths due to prolonged exposure to the gas. Vizag gas leak: How acute exposure to Styrene gas harms human body in the short and long term Some of the long term effects include headaches, depression, fatigue and weakness, hearing loss, balance and concentration problems, cancer. Styrene gas, when inhaled, can cause several symptoms such as nausea, headache, weakness, etc. Hundreds of people have been taken to hospital following styrene gas leak, with many complaining of difficulties breathing and a burning sensation in the eyes. Some of the long term effects include headaches, depression, fatigue and weakness, hearing loss, balance and concentration problems, cancer. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Styrene is neither gas nor volatile because its boiling temperature is 145 degrees centigrade. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Participate in all the capacity building programmes organized by the government/ voluntary organizations / industrial units. Make the family/ neighbours aware of the basic characteristics of various poisonous/ hazardous chemicals and the first aid required to treat them. It is used in pipes, insulation, automobile parts etc. Do not consume the uncovered food/ water etc open to the air, drink only from a bottle. However, long term exposure may cause central nervous system … Sensitize the community living near the industrial units and they should be more vigilant about the nature of industrial units and associated risks. Vizag gas leak: How acute exposure to Styrene gas harms human body in the short and long term. Change into fresh clothing after reaching a safe place/ shelter, and wash hands properly. When inhaled, it mainly affects the upper respiratory tract. An unfortunate incident in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh on Thursday struck terror in the lives of people and it wasn't about the deadly coronavirus. An adequate number of personal protective equipment needs to be made available to deal with emergency situation. Do not panic, evacuate calmly and quickly perpendicular to wind direction through the designated escape route. When exposed, common symptoms include irritation to eyes, nose and skin; gastrointestinal and respiratory effects. The styrene gives out irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire only. In a brief introduction to the compound, Styrene is a colourless, flammable liquid which is used to prepare polystyrene plastics, rubber and fibreglass. But, in a matter of 24 hours, Indians were shocked to learn of two more industrial accidents, raising concerns over reopening of industries post lockdown without taking necessary precautions. Avoid housing near the industries producing or processing the hazardous chemicals, if possible. Let’s us take a look at what … Styrene gas can be quickly spread in the air and it is harmful to living beings. It is reported as a gas leak, not fire blast, that means it was not the cause. It also impacts the outer layer of tissues in the skin causing erosion and bleeding in the short term. Individuals can be exposed to styrene through ingestion, inhalation or contact. Prepare a family disaster management plan and explain it to all the family members. Individuals can be exposed to styrene through ingestion, inhalation or contact. 3. Fumes have spread over a radius of about 3km, affecting at least five villages. As the Vizag incident shocked the nation, there was a spike in a web search on styrene gas. However, long term exposure may cause central nervous system and kidney-related problems, depression, headache etc. First-aid help to anyone exposed to Styrene. Long-term effects include central nervous system dysfunction, depression, hearing loss and peripheral neuropathy (a numb feeling in the hands and feet). According to the department of health and human services in the US, styrene is listed as reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. When humans are exposed to styrene, it causes eye irritation and gastro-intestinal effects. Listen to PA (Public Address) System of the plant/ factory, local radio/ TV channels for advice from district administration, fire, health, police and other concerned authorities. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes or skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
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