We know the thing is a window. Prepositional phrase list . B. That’s the monster of which I’m most afraid. That’s called a gerund; actually, gerunds are commonly used as the objects of prepositional phrases. Although Merriam-Webster argues that’s an old fashioned rule, their blog acknowledges that people do get up-in-arms over sentences that end with prepositions. The girl in the Lehenga Dress is my elder sister. In the sentence above, we have a person looking at something. A preposition is a word that tells you where or when something is in relation to something else. You should always use a comma after an introductory infinitive phrase, as you can see in these examples: A participial phrase is another form of verb phrase. Sometimes, these introductory phrases start with “the” instead of “a” or “an.” If the phrase does provide important clarifying information, don’t use a comma. 1) If you want to avoid criticism in formal writing, which sentence would you choose? If it does, it’s called an introductory clause. John found his homework under the bed. 3) He darted through the street with his pants on fire. These examples can clear up any confusion: In general, it’s usually correct to use a comma after an introductory phrase. You can use this as an introductory phrase, giving the reader more information about the subject of the sentence or another noun. This is because you pause after the introductory phrase when you say the sentence aloud. Prepositional Phrase A prepositional phrase is a group of words that consists of a preposition, its object (which will be a noun or a pronoun), and any words that modify the object.For example: Easy Examples of Prepositional Phrases In these examples, the prepositional phrase is shaded and the preposition … It may have a subject or a verb, but it can’t have both. Consider whether the phrase adds important clarifying information about the subject. When you start with an appositive phrase, you often need to use a comma after it. It is correct to use a comma and also correct to leave it out, as you can see in the example below: Using an introductory infinitive phrase also provides information to the reader, often about why something is happening. In this example, you can replace the prepositional phrase with a noun: The basement is not a good place to hide. A prepositional phrase functions one of two ways. I will get to the conference on time. A. That’s the monster I’m most afraid of. Either it functions as an adjective, by modifying a noun, or it functions as an adverb. When a prepositional phrase functions as an adverb, it can modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Like an infinitive phrase, always set this introductory phrase off with a comma: An absolute phrase also adds information to the main clause, providing context for the reader to interpret the rest of the sentence. The prepositions are underlined, and the objects of the prepositions are in italics. First, you’ll notice a connecting word that describes time, location, or direction. Sometimes, the words are short—such as “at” and “to”—and sometimes they’re long—like “between” and “aside from.” This connector is called a preposition. In the sentence above, we have a person looking at something. For each prepositional phrase, we’ve identified what it modifies, the preposition, and the nominal (the word or group of words acting as the object of a preposition). However, like all aspects of the English language, there are a few exceptions. Either it functions as an adjective, by modifying a noun, or it functions as an adverb. No, in this case, he looked, Merriam-Webster argues that’s an old fashioned rule, https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/prepositions-ending-a-sentence-with, https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/mechanics/gerunds_participles_and_infinitives/index.html, https://examples.yourdictionary.com/prepositional-phrases-examples.html. Below, we’ve included examples of prepositional phrases. The baseball game was canceled after the heavy rain. 4) Which of the following words is not a preposition? You could easily replace the word “thinking” with “a thought.”. Still, we need to know more about the relationship between the words “looked” and “window.” A prepositional phrase offers a way to connect a noun or pronoun to a verb, adjective, or adverb. When you know how to identify a preposition, you’ll be able to work with prepositional phrases more easily. It helps the reader understand more about the main clause. Here are some of the common prepositions you should memorize or, at the very least, be able to identify. I received a BA with honors in Literary Arts (Playwriting)—which gave me the opportunity to study under Pulitzer Prize-winner Paula Vogel. Below, we’ve included examples of prepositional phrases. Examples of prepositions include words like after, before, on, under, inside and outside. Phrase Prepositions. An introductory phrase is not a complete clause; it does not have a subject and a verb of its own. Each type serves a distinct purpose within the sentence. In an introductory prepositional phrase, the sentence starts with a preposition and a few words that follow it. After earning a perfect score on the Writing SAT, I worked my way through Brown University by moonlighting as a Kaplan Test Prep tutor. A prepositional phrase functions one of two ways. You can see the proper punctuation in these examples: If an introductory prepositional phrase is made up of fewer than five words and does not require a pause, the comma is optional. These form a compound object. Then, when you look closer, you’ll realize that the -ing word actually functions as a noun. People especially dislike sentences ending with “of,” “to,” or “through.”. Did he look over the window, under the window, around the window, or after the window? Learn more about comma usage rules to become a confident writer. Learn when and where to use a comma after an introductory phrase and how to make your writing stand out with just the right words. Fur is an effective material to wear in very cold weather. Most of the time, a prepositional phrase modifies a verb or a noun. These two kinds of prepositional phrases are called adverbial phrases and adjectival phrases, respectively. Similarly, you may have a word that looks like a verb at first glance. Use introductory phrases to add context to the main clause of a sentence. In the examples above, the prepositional phrases are tinted. Did he look over the window, under the window, around the window, or after the window? When a prepositional phrase functions as an adverb, it can modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Although most grammar and usage guides would take no issue with Example 1, Merriam-Webster explains, “[The originators of this rule] were likely motivated by a desire to make English grammar more in line with Latin, a language in which sentences syntactically cannot end in prepositions.” So, if you want to avoid all potential criticism, you may decide to avoid using “of,” “to,” or “through” as the terminal word in a sentence.
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